An Alternative to Liposuction. Lipoliquidation or Lipodialysis

Even though liposuction methods have been greatly refined and simplified since the initial onset of this method of plastic surgery, there still remain however a large amount of people who, had they had an alternative choice of dealing with their fatty deposits other than the method which is currently and most widely used by plastic surgeons, they would have done so.

If you are one of those people who would have liked to have dealt with your stubborn fatty deposits but, who just can’t quite come to terms with conventional liposuction methods and all that that entails, the surgery (sometimes under general anesthetic), the corsages (usually worn for one to two weeks), and the inevitable bruising then, one the methods outlined below may just very well be the one that suits you.

Lipoliquidation is but one of the newest and, most revolutionary areas of cosmetic surgery which does not entail the use of a lancet. The basic concept regarding lipoliquidation pertains to the use of certain medicines which are injected directly under the skin, and which are designed to fight the problem of stubborn fatty deposits right at the root. The medicinal solutions which are injected into the problem areas ruin the lining of the fatty-cells releasing, in turn, the fat, thereby allowing the body’s natural excretion mechanisms to expel the fat and toxins from the body. There are a variety of solutions which are available to the plastic surgeon who undertakes lipoliquidation as a method of dealing with fatty deposits. Below are outlined the various solutions available, how they are used and, for what kind of areas of the body they are recommended for.


This refers to a ‘cocktail’ of vegetable substances which are used primarily in the field of homeopathy in order to stimulate the body’s self-repair mechanisms. Homotoxicology is based on the theory that ‘ an illness is the body’s attempt to defend itself from the toxins which have entered it’. The homotoxicological solutions used, reinforce the body’s defence mechanisms enabling thus, the body to cure itself.

Method of application: a form of injectional therapy is undertaken. Firstly, the dermatologist inserts needles with the substance to be used in the area with the problem and, following this he undertakes a ‘systematic’ approach by way of placing needles on the patients’ foot acupunctional energy points. The homotoxicological substance is then transferred to the fatty tissue causing lipoliquidation.

Areas of use: the homotoxicological method is used for thighs, buttocks and calves. There are no side-effects. Furthermore, parallel to the injectional therapy, inversional pressure massage is also undertaken as this assists in the channeling of the lymph through the lymphic route allowing it to be carried out of the body along with the fat.


This pertains to the use of three different solutions which have been found to undertake a ‘chemical’ attack against the fatty tissues gradually ruining them. The first step is to issue into the body a medicine which tones up the fatty tissues’ micro-circulatory system. The second medicine is very drastic and is widely used to counteract high cholesterol levels on people who are hyperlipidynamic. Once the fat has been dissolved, a third medicine, aminophiline which is a diuretic is issued assisting the body in expelling the fat.

Method of application: The medicines used in this form of lipoliquidation are administered alternatively. Injections are undertaken once a week on the various parts of the body. The therapy is repeated on average twelve times meaning that it takes up to three months to undergo the full cycle of therapy. Upon the completion of the therapy the patient sees a 50% improvement and, in two months following the results of the therapy reach the capacity of 100% improvement.

Areas of use: this form of therapy is used to combat local fatty deposits and cellulite on thighs, buttocks, calves, arms and stomach. The injections which the patient undergoes in view of this form of therapy also contain anesthetic so as to minimize pain which may be felt.


Considered as being nature’s ‘heavy artillery’ in the fight against fatty deposits, the artichoke’s heart is gaining more and more fans amongst those who want to address their problem in the most natural means as possible. The artichoke’s heart extracts are already being used to counteract high cholesterol levels and have also been found to have miraculous lipoliquidation results. The solution which is injected into the patient’s body contains artichoke heart extracts, vitamin B1 and anesthetic.

Method of application: The artichoke heart extract is injected by means of very fine needles directly under the epidermis forcing thus, the lipocells to release their fat and toxins and to expel them from the body. Injections are undertaken fortnightly for a span of six months. The patient undergoing treatment begins to see results after two months since the commencement of therapy. Final results are seen eight to ten weeks after the completion of therapy. If the therapy is supplemented with a correct eating regime and exercise, results will last up to tree years.

Areas of use: Artichoke heart extract therapy is especially suited in counteracting fatty deposits on thighs, buttocks, calves and stomach areas.


The solutions used in this form of lipoliquidation therapy contain ozone and oxygen which, are currently being used in medicine to deal with problems pertaining to circulatory and neurological disorders and hepatitis to name but a few.

Method of application: The oxygen/ozone solutions used in this form of lipoliquidation therapy affect the fatty tissue’s lipid acids by way of transforming them into water soluble combinations. They are then expelled by the body through the urinary system. Furthermore to this, the oxygen/ozone solution used in the lipoliquidation therapy also assists in enhancing the general health, elasticity and texture of the skin. It also, it has powerful anti-inflammatory effect, tones the body’s circulatory system, activates the cells’ enzymes, enhances the oxygenation of tissues and, fights free radicals.

Areas of use: oxygen/ozone therapy can be undertaken on every part of the face, on knees and calves and is highly recommended in treating cellulite. There are no side effects to this form of treatment and results are visible from the second week of therapy onwards. Also, if the patient is careful in his/her dietary habits and undertakes regular exercise the oxygen/ozone lipoliquidation therapy will have permanent results.

Source by Charles Kassotis

Hyperpigmentation of the Skin – Treatment Strategies

Hyperpigmentation simply described is a focal area or patch of darker pigmentation on any area of the skin.  Special cells in the skin called melanocytes naturally produce melanin – the pigment which your body uses to create skin and hair color.  The production of melanin is under very sophisticated and tight control but is influenced by a wide variety of biological and physiological factors.  When there are too many melanocytes attracted to a given area, or if they are overactive, overproduction of melanin occurs and hyperpigmentation results.

Understanding what hyperpigmentation is may be simple but it is far from a simple problem.  A full medical history and physical examination must be the foundation for any treatment plan for hyperpigmentation problems.  A working diagnosis is also extremely important for developing the best strategies.  Not all hyperpigmentation is the same.  Hyperpigmentation can be associated with certain medical problems and conditions.  Different forms of hyperpigmentation will respond better to different types of treatment.  Always consult with your physician expert in cosmetic skin care.

Without question, every treatment plan will include minimizing sun exposure.  Sun (UV radiation) avoidance, sun protection and sunblock will always represent the simplest and most critically important part of any plan for the treatment of hyperpigmentation.That’s because nothing stimulates melanocytes and melanin production more than UV radiation exposure. And pigment stimulation is the last thing we want when we are treating hyperpigmentation!

Resurfacing techniques – topical home use “peeling” agents (e.g. alpha-hydroxy acids, lactic acid, retinoids), office microdermabrasion, office chemical peels (e.g. glycolics, trichloracetic acid or TCA) – are commonly employed  in most treatment plans dealing with hyperpigmentation.  Resurfacing eliminates dead or dying pigmented surface skin cells (keratinocytes) allowing the less pigmented, fresher, new skin cells to be revealed at the surface.  Resurfacing also stimulates cellular growth and turnover from the deeper levels of the skin, further assisting the skin in its shedding of pigmentation and the pigmented keratinocytes contributing to the hyperpigmentation.  Certain types of lasers can also be used along these lines.  But be careful – laser therapies can also cause hyperpigmentation!  A series of 5 to 6 in-office chemical peels performed weekly, combined with a customized at-home regimen of topical agents can be quite helpful.  Our skin care center’s aestheticians have found that a series of once a week Obagi Blue Peel Radiance® (glycolic, lactic, and salicylic acid) peels in combination with the use of the Obagi-C® Rx (vitamin C, hydroquinone) system at home can be very successful.  A series of in-office microdermabrasion treatments are an alternative option to the office peels.

Below is a list of some currently available topical agents (brighteners, lighteners, whiteners) which are often used in the war against hyperpigmentation.  You will find that many of these compounds are combined within a single product.  Combinations of methods and the use of multiple ingredient topical agents seem to work better than any single mode therapy or single topical agent.  However, no single agent seems to work as well on hyperpigmentation as hydroquinone does alone.

Alpha lipoic acid– Weakly inhibits melanin production.

Aleosin– Derived from the Aloe Vera plant. Weakly inhibits melanin production.

Emblica fruit– Weakly inhibits melanin deposition.

Licorice extract– Active ingredient is glabridin (also known as glycyrrhiza) which decreases melanin production.

Daisy flower (Bellis perennis) extract– Decreases melanin production.

Willow bark extract– A beta-hydroxy acid; a resurfacing (peeling) agent which helps to shed dead skin cells, remove surface pigment/pigmented keratinocytes, and reveal brighter, fresher layers underneath.

Acetyl Hexapeptide– Decreases melanin production.

Pelvetia canaliculata extract– Derived from seaweed. Decreases melanin production. Blocks UV radiation damage to DNA.

Watermelon fruit extract– Blocks UV radiation damage to DNA.

Kojic acid– Derived from mushrooms/fungi.  Also a byproduct created during the manufacturing of Japanese rice wine (sake).  Decreases melanin production.  Also decreases number of dendrites (the connecting bridges melanocytes use to inject melanin pigment into the skin cells around them).

Azeleic acid– Found in barley and other grains.  Primarily used as an anti-acne agent but has the “side effect” of decreasing melanin production.

Hydroquinone– Works by decreasing/blocking melanin production and by decreasing the number of viable melanocytes in a given area.  Well known as a major component in photographic developer for film and paper!  The only actual “bleaching” agent recognized by the FDA.  Available as less than 2% concentration as OTC, up to 4% concentration or more as prescription.  In 2006, the FDA revoked its previous approval of hydroquinone as an OTC pending further study because of concerns regarding its absorption and potential carcinogenicity.  Ochronosis – the appearance of bluish/black skin discoloration spots – is another concern and a recognized potential unwelcome side effect that may be seen with long-term use.  Final FDA decision on all this is still pending.  Irritation reactions are very common and occur in ~25% of patients starting use of hydroquinone – a small spot test area should be tried first.  True allergy to hydroquinone is rare.  Hydroquinone treatment makes the skin more sensitive to sunlight and all other potentially irritating skin agents/treatments.  Precaution should be taken accordingly.

Arbutin (Bearberry)– A “natural” form derivative of hydroquinone.  Decreases melanin production.

Beta carotene– Decreases melanin production.

Gluconic acid– Binds copper (micronutrient needed for melanin synthesis) leading to decreased melanin production.

Paper mulberry (Mulberry extract)– Derived from an Asian tree root.  Decreases melanin production.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)– Decreases melanin production.  Can be irritating to the skin.

Norwegian kelp– Decreases dendritic transport of melanin.

N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG)– Decreases melanin production.

Niacinamide– Decreases dendritic transport of melanin.

UPA (undecylenoyl phenylalanine)– Decreases melanin production.

Steroids– Decrease irritation/inflammation of the skin, limit irritation from other products used in combination therapy (e.g. hydroquinone), also decreases melanin production.

Retinoids– A family of resurfacing (peeling) agents which are vitamin a derivatives.  Retinoids help to shed dead skin cells, remove surface pigment and pigmented keratinocytes, and reveal brighter, fresher layers underneath.  Streamlines “easier” absorption of other agents into the skin when used in combination therapy.  Decreases melanin production.  Increases skin cell turnover and promotes growth of plump, new skin cells up from the deeper layers further forcing the elimination of the older, pigmented cells which are contributing to the hyperpigmentation.  Probably the most widely used: Retin-A®.

Source by Lyle M. Back, MD

Get a Bigger Butt With Brazilian Butt Lift Surgery

Through the years, society’s perception on beauty has changed. Back in the old days, women with full or voluptuous figures were seen as beautiful and fertile. In more recent years, the concept of beauty has taken the form of slimmer-bodied belles. Today, with people like Jennifer Lopez, Beyonce and Kim Kardashian featuring in ‘sexiest woman’ polls, we seem to be going back to traditional ideals.

Even in early centuries, the male species have been found to be more attracted to females with a bigger and rounder butt. Unfortunately, not everybody has the genetics to meet this particular feature. It’s no wonder that several women have ventured to other procedures to help them achieve a curvier silhouette.

For some women, plastic surgery is an option to achieve what they were not naturally blessed with. A popular method of buttock augmentation surgery is the Brazilian Butt Lift.

What are the perks of this new trend?

The Brazilian butt lift surgery offers a more natural and personal take on achieving a bigger and rounder butt. This procedure focuses mainly on the upper quadrants of the butt, giving its overall shape a higher, fuller contour. To do this, fat grafts are taken from the patient, either by liposuction or micro fat injection technique. These fat grafts are then incorporated into several levels of the butt until the desired contour is achieved.

How does the fat graft work?

The droplets of fat used to shape the butt comes from the patient’s thighs, abdomen, or the butt itself. These are then injected into the butt, especially in places where they can get sufficient blood supply for their nourishment. The fat cells introduced need to survive until they receive blood supply and once that happens, the results are said to last for the patient’s lifetime. It has been found that at least 70% of the fat grafts survive in their new position.

Why is it better than using gluteal implants?

Gluteal implants may present complications years after the surgery because the implants, which are foreign to the patient’s body, may not incorporate well with the butt tissues. The use of silicone implants can look obviously fake – using your own fat gives a more natural look. With the Brazilian butt lift surgery, the fat grafts are long-term. Recovery is short, averaging 5 days, and the side effects are minimal and short-term.

Source by Stella Sotelo

How to Make Your Buttocks Bigger: What’s Safe and What Works?

If you have a flat rear, you probably know how hard it is to fill out a pair of jeans or look your best in a swimsuit. Many people with smaller buttocks even find themselves feeling inadequate and unattractive. It can be tempting to turn to pills and other instant-fix programs in an attempt to get a bigger butt. These products and services don’t usually do much, however, and they can be a real waste of money. The good news is that if you’re interested in making your bottom bigger, there are a few options that can help you fill out your figure safely and effectively.

Gain Weight

If you’re naturally very thin, have been dieting for a long time, or have lost weight because of health problems, you might have too little body fat to produce a shapely rear. Gaining a little weight can help you fill out your clothes better, as well as providing cushioning for your joints. If you’re thinking of gaining weight to boost your butt, it’s important to do it right, though.

Choose foods that are high in nutrients such as lean protein, “good” fats, nuts, whole grains and avocado. Avoid force-feeding yourself with burgers and fries; they’re likely to reduce your overall health and cause you to gain more than you would like. If you’re not sure where to start, talk to your doctor or nutritionist about the best ways to gain weight healthily.

Get in Shape

While gaining weight to get a bigger butt is one of the most straightforward options, it won’t work for people who are already at or above a normal weight. Many people in this situation have plenty of body fat; but they don’t like the way it’s distributed. Targeted exercise is one of the best options if you match this description. By practicing calisthenics, lifting weights and engaging in other muscle-building activities, you can improve the size and shape of your butt naturally. You’ll also probably find yourself feeling much healthier.

Choose exercises such as full squats, one-legged deadlifts, and step exercises. These help your gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus become stronger, larger and firmer. If you find these exercises too easy, consider performing them under load, with a dumbbell in each hand or a weighted bar across your shoulders to increase the difficulty. You’ll soon see an improvement in your figure. Just make sure to use proper form when lifting any weights to avoid the risk of injury.

Check Your Hormones

If you previously had a fuller figure, the sudden appearance of a flat butt could indicate a significant change in hormone levels. This is especially true if you have a drop in estrogen. Consider seeing a doctor to have a complete blood panel performed. You may be suffering from an underlying condition that reduces the levels of important hormones. In many cases, supplementation with fix the problem and redistribute your body fat back to your hips and rear. It can also help you reduce some mental and emotional problems associated with hormone imbalance.

Dress for Success

The clothes you choose won’t give you a bigger butt, but they can certainly give you the appearance of one. By choosing clothes that hug your rear and emphasize your curves, you bring the focus where you want it. Many modern jeans styles tend to flatten the butt instead of making it look rounder. Consider choosing a different cut or style for a more flattering look. If you have a specific garment you’d like to fit better, consider using shapewear to fill it out. A pair of padded panties or other augmented clothing could give you the look of a rounder butt without a lot of hard work or any health risk.

Work on Posture

Like changing your wardrobe, this technique can give you the look of a better figure without a lot of cost or any significant health risks. Take some time to check your posture out in the mirror. If you tend to slouch, you may be making yourself look heavier and less curvy than you really are. Take some time to learn how to keep your shoulders back and your stomach flat. By engaging these muscles, you push your rear backward, making it look larger and more attractive and de-emphasizing any belly fat. You may find that wearing shoes with even relatively low heels makes this easier.

Is Augmentation the Answer?

Plastic surgery allows some people to get a bigger butt than the one they would have naturally. There are several options for changing the appearance of your buttocks, a procedure known as gluteoplasty in medical circles. These include gluteal implants, also known as buttock prostheses, body contouring, and liposculpture. These procedures are commonly used for people who have suffered from accidents that damage the muscles and fat in this area. They are also used by transgender women who want a more feminine appearance, people who naturally have flatter figures than they would prefer, and formerly-obese people who have lost large amounts of weight and are suffering from sagging skin and deformities of muscle and bone.

Like any surgical procedure, gluteoplasty poses some risks, including infection, complications, death under anesthesia and unattractive scarring. It’s also expensive and is usually considered an elective procedure. Doctors can choose to add a prosthesis to make your buttocks bigger. They can also move fat from an area such as the belly or hips to the buttocks, a process known as fat transfer. Liposculpture by removing fat from some areas can also be used to make your butt look bigger. It’s important to remember that your body can reabsorb added fat and that the results might end up looking less good than you want them to. Plastic surgery can’t work miracles and some patients end up needing additional treatment to get their gluteoplasties to look right.

Strategies to Avoid

In addition to these legitimate ways to make your butt bigger, or at least to get it to look that way, there are a number of things you shouldn’t try. Never let anyone who isn’t a licensed medical professional give you any kind of injection or other augmentation procedure. Quack doctors have injected many different substances into patients, producing allergic reactions and even life-threatening complications. If you’re not sure about something or it seems too inexpensive, there’s a good chance that it’s not a safe way to enhance your buttocks.

It’s also a good idea to avoid supplements and other products that claim that they’ll boost your butt in a short period of time or without conventional treatment. At best, these are harmless waste of money. At worst, they can actually hurt your health. If you can’t verify a product’s claim independently, you’re probably better off buying a pair of padded panties.

You don’t have to feel like you’re stuck with a flat figure. There are many different ways to change your shape, from adjusting your lifestyle to asking for the assistance of a professional plastic surgeon. Just make sure that you know what you can expect and are willing to ask questions about the cost, safety and effectiveness of any bottom-boosting technique you try. There are lots of quack treatments and scams out there that will promise you a larger butt, but it is possible to find the real thing. Just take a little time to check out all your options.

Source by Shaniqua C. Jefferson

The Modern Significance of Hawthorne’s Suspicion of Science

Many of Hawthorne’s characters are burdened by inner conflicts which are never resolved into a tidy resolution. “The Birthmark”, however, has a more clearly defined moral than some of Hawthorne’s other work. The social significance of this story that was written over 150 years ago endures into our modern era with alarming clarity. An obsession with physical perfection and the battle between scientific progress and human morality are paramount in the minds of many in today’s society. This article will explore two primary points: first, it will focus on how “The Birthmark” compares to some of Hawthorne’s other work with similar themes; next, it will weave these themes together to show how his work explores these issues in haunting detail and could serve well as a mirror to modern-day values.

Hawthorne’s mistrust of science is evident in the “mad scientist” motif employed in many of his tales. In “The Birthmark”, Aylmer is a megalomaniacal scientist who thinks himself omnipotent: “No king on his guarded throne could keep his life if I, in my private station, should deem that the welfare of millions justified me in depriving him of it”. In “Rappaccini’s Daughter”, Dr. Rappaccini is a “mad scientist” conducting experiments on his daughter which involve poisonous plants. And in “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment”, the protagonist experiments with a fountain of youth elixir on his friends. Although Heidegger’s results aren’t fatal, as in the other two stories, they are, indeed, dismal and are no less subject to ethical criticism.

To put the theme of “The Birthmark” into a modern perspective, we need only to reiterate that the pursuit of physical perfection and the willingness to go to any lengths to get it is one of the grand themes of modern-day thinking. Georgianna’s birthmark symbolizes her liability to sin, sorrow, decay, and death and she is willing to forego the danger involved to have it removed: “There is but one danger-that this horrible stigma shall be left upon my cheek… Remove it, remove it, whatever be the cost”. We need only recall the Phen-fen and Redux debacle of a few years ago and reflect on the present “perfection” techniques now being widely used such as breast implants, liposuction, and scores of other dubiously “safe” cosmetic surgery procedures to see that the mindset of Aylmer and Georgianna is still quite relevant today. While it is true that Georgianna did not appear to have an issue with her birthmark until Aylmer made it an issue, it must be stated that the influence of family and peers plays a significant role in the way people think about themselves and in their decision making. Let us compare the response of Georgianna to that of a modern woman who is contemplating plastic surgery. Author Kathy Davis takes us into the examining room of a health insurance agency on the morning for applicants who are seeking coverage for cosmetic surgery:

I have no idea what to expect as the patient enters the room. She is a slender, pretty woman in her early twenties who looks a bit like Nastassia Kinski… Hunched forward and with eyes cast downward, she begins to explain that she is “unhappy with what she has”. “I know I shouldn’t [compare] myself to other women”, she whispers, “but I just can’t help it.”

The Aylmers of today are the plastic surgeons and drug-peddling physicians who feed the unrealistic notion that a woman’s body is unacceptable unless it appears to be a jackpot winner in the “genetic lottery”. Despite the changes in cultural beauty ideals over time, one feature remains constant according to Davis; namely, that beauty is worth spending time, money, pain, and perhaps even life itself. The hand-shaped birthmark which pervaded the world of Georgianna and Aylmer also has an obsessive vice-like grip on our century-it is squeezing the life out of some, and the humanity out of others. As H. Bruce Franklin points out, “The Birthmark” is both an intricately wrought science fiction and a commentary of what Hawthorne saw as the fiction of science.

“Rappaccini’s Daughter” is another tale which explores research gone amok as the doctor has created a daughter who lives in a poisonous garden and is poisonous herself. Like Aylmer, Rappaccini sees himself as God-like. This argument is advanced by Franklin’s interpretation of the basic allegory in the tale: “Rappaccini, creator of the [poisonous Eden], in trying to be God exposes his daughter, the Adam of this inverted Eden, to a modern snake in the grass, Baglioni, who persuades the Eve-like Giovanni to introduce the fatal food into the learned fool’s paradise”. Rappaccini’s delusions of grandeur are apparent as he attempts to justify his experiment to his dying daughter: “Dost thou deem it misery to be endowed with marvellous gifts… Misery to be able to quell the mightiest with a breath? Misery, to be as terrible as thou art beautiful”. This air of omnipotence is nowhere more evident than in the physicians today whose life-prolonging machinery allows them to literally decide life and death. And we, of course, cannot forget the good Dr. Kevorkian and the euthanasia issue which has turned into a battle of rhetoric that theologians and scientists will probably never agree on. Aylmer and Rappaccini can best be likened by making a comparison of Georgianna and Beatrice. In his critical response to the stories, Madison Jones observes: “Both women die as the consequence of attempts, devised by human science, to purge their natures”. With both tales, Hawthorne sets human morality and science on a collision course that has not altered its path into the present day.

“Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” introduces a scientist who shares Aylmer’s confidence that he can reverse natural processes with the same result: bad science putting others at risk. At first glance, Heidegger seems more playful and less dangerous than Aylmer and Rappaccini: “My dear old friends… I am desirous of your assistance in one of those little experiments with which I amuse myself in my study”. But according to Madison Jones, our response to his virtues does not make him any less diabolical. Heidegger’s attempt to manipulate nature by granting eternal youth might be paralleled to today’s issues of genetic engineering and cloning. Both are attempts to manipulate the natural order of things. The dichotomy of Hawthorne’s time and ours can be merged when we consider an issue such as cloning. Dr. Bruce Donald of the Church of Scotland offers: “Faced with such a fertile prospect, the human imagination runs riot… we might clone humans to select out genetic defects or select for desirable traits (Donald). Some would argue that this is a good thing but Donald contends that the motives proposed turn out to be for the benefit of the person who wants the cloning done, not for the person so produced. This sounds remarkably close to Dr. Heidegger’s motives, because we have evidence to support that he created the elixir “for his own amusement” rather than chiefly for the benefit of his friends. With these three tales, Hawthorne extends his list of scientific grievances.

While these three stories offer immediate insight into modern concerns, other Hawthorne tales do the same although they may not be quite so straightforward. “Ethan Brand” presents another scientist whose pride leads him astray. In this story, Hawthorne creates a model of self-destructive perfectionism; Brand ruins himself as surely as Aylmer kills Georgianna (Bunge 30-32). In “The Artist of the Beautiful” Owen tries to make machinery look natural, but his art, like Aylmer’s science, is a hopeless attempt to evade reality. And “The Prophetic Pictures” introduces us to a painter who thinks he can predict the future, and thus, control time. He has a madness not unlike Aylmer’s and with similar consequences. The modern significance of all these stories can be tidily summed up with one observation by Richard Harter Fogle: “Man’s chief temptation is to forget his limits and complexities…”

Hawthorne’s foresight into the future was quite remarkable. Although his work is dated, the ethical questions which he raises remain valid today. Georgianna’s absorption of Aylmer’s obsession can be likened to today’s women jumping on the bandwagon of fad diets and questionable cosmetic procedures. On another point, Hawthorne’s suspicion of science seems a little less unreasonable now that it might have in his day when we consider our capacity to destroy the planet with nuclear weapons. Fogle comments that while Hawthorne’s conception of science has generally been considered old-fashioned by his critics, the joke would seem to have turned against them with the growth of modern science and technology. Aylmer, Rappaccini, and Heidegger all represent the claims of modern science, from the miracle diet pills, cosmetic surgeries, and anti-aging creams and potions, to Minoxidil, to Viagra which allows the “soldier”on permanent KP duty to finally issue a sharp military salute. Some of our “miracle” science appears to work, but some has dire consequences.

Finally, we have examined how Hawthorne’s themes form a common bond to modern-day practical and ethical questions. Hawthorne, himself, had an obsession with his ancestral past, so it is ironic that he produced work that would prove to be a prelude to the future. Hawthorne wants us to see that “human perfection” is an oxymoron. On this point, Fogle notes that Aylmer’s tragic flaw is failing to see the tragic flaw in humanity. Hawthorne’s “mad scientists” cannot come to terms with the fact that humanity and imperfection are inseparable. But still today, we are no less apt to buy into the rantings of our own mad scientists and snake oil salesmen on late night infomercials who infest our society and promise us perfection. Madison Jones sums up the foresight of Hawthorne supremely: “Like many a reformer in our day, Aylmer would have human nature reconstituted or else not at all. Hawthorne, if unconsciously, was looking well ahead. But genius has always been at least one part prophecy”. Hawthorne’s moral makes a plea to us to accept our own imperfections. This moral can be expressed through a quote from-of all people-David Letterman. In an interview that I remember from a few years ago, Letterman was asked by an actress what he would change about his physical appearance if he could. Letterman’s reply was, “Well, I wouldn’t change anything. I figure, these are the cards I was dealt-what the hell- I’ll play ’em”. Hawthorne would have probably liked Letterman.

Source by Rick L. Huffman

Tattooed Wedding Rings – How to Get Rid of Wedding Ring Tattoos

Most couples who had their wedding ring tattoos on their fingers often find out the hard way that love may not be as permanent as the inked symbols on their fingers. Divorce is more popular today than ever before and ironically, most divorces are even easier to have than having tattooed wedding rings removed!

So what do you do when you are picking up the pieces of a relationship which has gone sour and you still have that painful reminder on your finger?

Be thankful for the examples of popular celebs who have ridden the same boat that you are now on. If you want to completely remove the wedding ring tattoo from your finger along with all its bitter regrets and sad memories you can follow in the footsteps of stand up comic Kathy Griffin, who had her tattooed wedding rings removed after her divorce from husband of five years, Matt Moline. Unfortunately, most people often do not go for this option since laser tattoo removal is painful and it is not exactly cheap.

However, you can now apply for cosmetic surgery loans since tattoo removals are covered under cosmetic surgery procedures. The complete removal of tattooed wedding rings is often the best option, even if its not exactly affordable, since in time these tattoos may look blurry, spread out, and just plain ugly to look at.

Another way to have a wedding ring tattoo removed is dermabrasion, which is also painful although not as expensive as laser removal.

If cost is still a problem you might want to modify your tattooed wedding rings into something that doesn’t resemble its original image. Some couples engraved their partner’s names or the wedding date on their fingers. In the case of Baywatch babe Pam Anderson, it was “Tommy” for former hubby Tommy Lee. When the two split up, Anderson had the tattoo promptly changed from “Tommy” to “Mommy”. Talk about clever!

Another procedure, which is probably more invasive and drastic than mere laser removal, is excision. In this procedure the tattooed portion of your skin is cut out and the skin is resewn together and allowed to heal. This will remove the tattoo for good, but you’ll have to go under the knife to get it done. Not pretty.

A cheaper and probably the easiest alternative does not involve the removal of your tattoo at all. You can cover it with a real wedding band if you ever get married again. This will work for those who have successfully moved on from the sad memories of relationships gone by. Most people think this is actually a good option, since although some relationships end, they are still important learning points in our lives. You wouldn’t be in the place that you are now in if that relationship did not happen, and even if the relationship did not end the way you hoped it would be, you both got happy and loving memories out of it.

Some of these options may not be easy or cheap to do, and if you are really broke you’ll have that reminder on you for the rest of your life. So before you take that leap (into tattooing and marriage), think long and hard before you decide.

Source by Diane Winter

Natural Breast Enhancer – Chinese Herbs and Ancient Secrets

The history of Chinese medicine goes all the way back to the 200BC to 800BC with the publications of the Yellow Emperor’s classic of Internal Medicine. Around 500 AD the Chinese had classified their herbs into various categories. The inferior herbs were used to cure a shot term illness whereas the middle herbs were used to cure the long standing illness. The Chinese herb secrets were initially used in Chinese cuisine to enhance their flavors. Due to the increased popularity of the Chinese herbs a manual called Shennong BencaoJing was created. This manual has around three hundred and sixty five medicinal herbs included in it. Why do Chinese people love their herbs so much is because they give all the credit for their long and healthy lives to these herbs. These herbs help in taking the symptoms of most of your diseases away.


Chinese herbs work in treating a number of conditions like arthritis, gynecological conditions, skin disorders like acne, psoriasis, viral infections, respiratory problems like bronchitis, asthma, chronic conditions like diabetes, blood pressure problems, anxiety and depression related problems and also life threatening diseases like HIV and cancer.


Chinese women have known the Chinese secret herbs used for increase in breast size. Natural breast enhancers that works to do the trick and that have been used by women include Saw Palmetto, Dong Quai, Blessed Thistle, Damiana etc. These substances have been used and proved useful for increase in breast size. Researchers have found that these herbs contain a compound called phyto estrogen that has a effect on estrogen production in the body. This ingredient is the one mainly responsible for the stimulation of growth of breast tissue. This compound has been incorporated in the various pills and creams that have been prepared using Chinese secret herbal breast enhancers.


One Chinese herbal breast enhancer that works wonders in increasing breast size is fenugreek seed. This herb increases the production of milk and also milk ducts and helps in the generation of breast tissues. In addition to this effect of fenugreek seeds have many other healing effects. They have effects on curing constipation, diabetes, coughs, sore throats, and cholesterol. This is also a great cure for indigestion.


Another Chinese secret herbal breast enhancer is Saw palmetto. This also causes increase in breast size and also has many other effects on the muscle tone and also plays a role in regulating urinary and thyroid problems. It also gives a good nutrition supply to the body.


Available as a herbal tonic wild yam is great for curing your menopausal and premenstrual problems. These in addition with flannel seeds can be used very effectively for a good increase in breast size and also to cure various other ailments. Dong Quai is another of the Chinese herb secret that has a very good effect on breast enhancement by increasing the blood supply to the breasts. In addition to its breast enhancement property this herb is a very powerful analgesic. It also has its very effective anti inflammatory property and also a very good muscle relaxant.


The number of Chinese herbs that work is innumerable. These herbs are a very good method for safe breast enhancements and also a great way to maintain health. To see herbal breast enhancer products see here Natural Breast Enlargement.

Source by Sarah Kahn

New Staple-First Technique Maximizes the Breast Lift and Minimizes the Scarring

Last year in the United States, approximately 60,000 women chose to have a Breast Lift (or Mastopexy), a surgery that raises and reshapes breasts that have sagged from pregnancy, significant weight change, or the natural process of aging. A number of these women, wanting more breast volume, had augmentation with saline or silicone gel implants at the same time.

Augmentation Mastopexy is a complex surgery that challenges even the most skilled and experienced plastic surgeon, who must deal with the opposing forces required to make breasts fuller (by stretching the skin with implants) yet firmer (by tightening the skin with a breast lift).

To do this surgery, plastic surgeons commonly draw a complex pattern on the breast, remove some of the excess skin, and then tailor tack these tissues together. They do the same on the other breast, and then trim excess skin multiple times to provide maximum tightening and make sure that the breasts were still symmetrical.

About six years ago, when I was performing an Augmentation Mastopexy, the proverbial light bulb went off: If a surgeon tightens and tailors the breasts first with surgical skin staples, perhaps he or she could identify the total amount of excess skin to be removed and previsualize the final breast shape and symmetry before making an incision. I found this to be true.

Over a five-year period, I used this technique on 45 patients. The findings were published in the Sept. 2009 issue of the American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery, in an article entitled “Augmentation Mastopexy for Moderately to Severely Ptotic Breasts: Previsualizing Breast Shape and Symmetry With the Innovative and Versatile Staple-First Technique.”

This new approach is especially useful for women with moderately to severely ptotic (droopy) breasts. No matter what women want size-wise, or how droopy or uneven they are, the surgeon can produce consistent and predictable results.

For me, the technique has taken the guesswork out how much excess skin needs to be removed. It allows the surgeon to get the maximum lift and create the best symmetry and shape in one simple step with the least amount of scarring. In addition, it allows the surgeon to adjust for any asymmetry of the breasts, which is common among women.

And because there is no longer the need to do multiple skin trimmings, the operative time is shorter, patients receive less anesthesia, and their recuperation is easier.

With the adage of measure twice, cut once, it is very comforting to preview the end result of an Augmentation Mastopexy before making an incision.

Source by Dr. Ted Eisenberg

Face Exercises For Men – Want to Build a More Masculine Face and Get Masculine Features?

Men: Want to build a more masculine face and get masculine features? Then try face exercises for men!

In today’s society there are many men that apparently have no idea that they can build a masculine face using face exercises for men! There are plenty of face and neck exercises that can provide men some truly effective ways for helping to sculpt, tone and define all of your facial features. What’s more is that these face exercises you can sculpt a chiseled jawline and even help to define and enhance your cheekbones in only a matter of weeks!

You should try to think of face exercises in the same manner that body builders use bodybuilding techniques to help build practically any part of their bodies. I mean,there are over 56 muscles in the face. If you don’t think that you can build your facial muscles, then you are seriously mistaken!

Because the very same principles used in bodybuilding are also used in facial exercises. When used routinely, here’s what you can expect from face exercises for men:

*You can help to enhance your jawline! Face and neck exercises have been proven to help a man create a chiseled jawline through jawline exercises.

*You can even help to define your chin area. You can help the chin to get more developed through proper exercises.

*You can help to reduce a double chin. This one benefit alone had so many men jump on the men’s facial exercise bandwagon!

*You can help to eliminate bags under the eyes. Yes, you can even help to get rid of fatigue from under the eyes. This is the same type of fatigue that makes a man look much older than he actually is. This type of nagging condition can actually be decreased greatly by using proper facial exercise techniques!

Here are some tips you can try right NOW to help you get more masculine facial features right away!

1. Start by taking your middle finger and placing it on your chin.

2. Next, proceed to put your lips over both your upper and your lower teeth.

3. Then you just want to slightly open your mouth about half way, keeping it there in this position for about 20 to 40 seconds on each rep. Be sure to hold it in a strong hold, really feeling your jawline beginning to form more tightly.

4. That’s it!

This exercises will not only help you to achieve a more masculine,chiseled jawline, but it will also help you to develop and build a more masculine looking face!

I mean, you can even help to enhance your cheekbones greatly by performing these isometric facial exercises for men. This is great news for any man that wants to help better himself and ultimately wants to help himself look better.

And let’s face it, in today’s plastic surgery obsessed culture, men want to look their best no matter what. What’s more, there are many men these days that are turning to plastic surgery as a means to look better. But what many of them don’t realize are the risks and costs associated with plastic surgery. For example, an “eye” job alone can cost you at least $6000! Not to mention the risks if something goes horribly wrong! But with face exercises for men, not only is this cost eliminated, but also you avoid the risks of anything going horribly wrong with your face!

And the good news is that within 2 weeks of using these exercises for just 15 minutes a day you will start to notice and

So if you are looking for ways to help build a masculine face and get masculine features then you should definitely give face exercises for men a try!

Source by Joey Capone

Today’s Transgendered Surgery Solutions

The fields of cosmetic enhancement and plastic surgery have sure come a long way. Not only has there been significant improvements in standard surgical procedures like liposuction, breast augmentation, facelifts, etc., but treatments have become more fine-tuned and more effective so that a diversified patient body can now appreciate them. For example, laser hair removal is now possible for dark-skinned and light-haired patients, and several plastic surgery procedures are now a viable option for transgendered and transsexual patients.

Cosmetic Enhancement for Changing Times

From gender reassignment surgery to procedures for feminization or masculinization, there are more and more plastic surgeons in the U.S. who are accommodating and capable when it comes to transgendered plastic surgery. As our culture continues to evolve, we are faced with new identity struggles, sexual orientations and social backgrounds that are striving for acceptance and understanding. Since appropriate changes for subcultural groups have been and continue to be implemented in our society’s religions, laws, and social programs, it makes sense that the cosmetic industry should adapt as well.

Popular Options for Transgendered Patients

While transsexuals usually choose gender reassignment surgery to permanently change their genitalia to coincide with their sexual identities, transgendered patients receive cosmetic surgery procedures to enhance their sexual identities through the alteration of physical characteristics. Popular treatment areas among male to female transgendered surgery patients include:

  • the Forehead and Brow area (Facelifts, browlifts and facial implants)
  • the Jawline (Chin implants)
  • the Nose (Rhinoplasty)
  • the Ears (Otoplasty)
  • the Chest (Breast augmentation)

Of course, there are other body procedures that can successfully alter the figure of transgendered patients, including liposuction and tummy tucks. Laser hair removal is another popular cosmetic treatment in the feminization process; providing effective hair removal on virtually all areas of the face and body where embarrassing hair growth occurs. The ultimate chosen procedures can vary depending on whether a transgendered patient is making the transition from male to female, or from female to male.

Due to the recent higher acceptance level of these surgeries, the number of U.S. plastic surgeons willing to perform transsexual surgery and transgendered cosmetic surgery has greatly increased. Apart from gender reassignment surgery for transsexuals, breast augmentation is currently the most popular transgendered surgery procedure. Depending on their surgical goals, transgendered patients can choose from breast augmentation options such as breast implants, breast lifts, breast reduction, and breast reconstruction.

Facial implants are a common option for recontouring or reshaping the planes of the face to appear more masculine or more feminine. Cheek implants and chin implants can greatly augment the appearance of the existing bone structure, and emphasize or diminish certain facial features to compliment the patient’s desired results. Plastic surgeons who are considerate of transgendered patients’ surgical needs can helpfully assess, through consultations and computer imaging, how certain procedures will look at the end stage.

Finding the Right Solution for you

Everyone is entitled to feeling confident in their appearance; and while everyone might not agree on the definitions of physical beauty, everyone should be free to explore their options and express who they are. For many, cosmetic enhancement or plastic surgery is a way to accomplish this, and to take greater pride in their projected appearance to the world. A lot of today’s top plastic surgeons are modern thinkers, and therefore committed to helping all patients feel satisfied with their physical selves. At a consultation appointment with a reputable plastic surgeon, transgendered surgery patients can ensure they’re comfortable with the chosen surgeon, and ensure their surgeon is dedicated to their personal aesthetic vision.

Source by Edie Pastis