8 Honey Beauty Tips

According to the dictionary, honey is a sweet yellowish or brownish fluid produced by various bees from the nectar of flowers. Besides using honey as food, did you know that honey is one of the oldest and most effective beauty aids?

Honey contains waxes, sugars, and traces of minerals. It is a natural moisturizer, as well as an anti-irritant making it suitable for sensitive skin types. Honey can be found in many of the beauty products you find in your local drug store or favorite beauty supply store. Some of these products can be very expensive to purchase and many of these products can be made at home.

Try some of the following honey beauty tips below. Please be sure not to use honey on your skin if you are allergic to it!

1. Honey mask: Apply pure honey to your face and allow it to set until dry. This will take about 15 minutes. Once dry, rinse your face with warm water.

2. Body glow bath: To moisturize, smooth, and get an all over body glow, keep a jar of honey next to your bath. Apply honey on your skin and pat dry using both hands. While patting your skin, the honey will get sticky and gently pull up your skin. Rinse away the honey when you are done. The results will be great circulation and beautiful, glowing skin!

3. Honey bath: For sweet smelling and soft skin, add ¼ to ½ cup of honey to your bath water.

4. Honey scrub: Mix 1 teaspoon of honey with a little almond flour into the palm of your hand. Gently apply on your face for a facial scrub. Rinse your face with warm water to remove honey scrub.

5. Daily facial cleanser: Mix 1 teaspoon of honey with a little milk powder into the palm of your hand. Apply on your face to clean away dirt and makeup and then rinse with warm water.

6. Shiny Hair: To add some shine to your hair, mix 1 teaspoon of honey, a squeeze of fresh lemon, and 1 quart of warm water. Shampoo your hair as usual and then pour the honey mixture on your hair. Allow your hair to dry as normal. You do not have to rinse out the honey mixture.

7. Hair conditioner: For healthy hair and scalp, combine ½ cup of honey and 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Saturate your hair with the honey mixture, put on a shower cap and allow it to remain on hair for 30 minutes. After 30 minutes, shampoo and rinse your hair as you normally do.

8. Skin toner: To firm, smooth, and moisturize your skin, combine 1 peeled, cored apple with 1 tablespoon of honey in a blender. Pulse honey mixture until smooth. Gently apply honey mixture on face and allow it to remain for 15 minutes. Rinse your face with warm water to remove the honey mixture.

With the above beauty tips, you can create affordable spa-like products at home. Honey is a wonderful beauty product because it contains naturally occurring enzymes, vitamins, and minerals. Be sure your honey is all natural by purchasing only 100% pure honey to create your beauty products.



Source by Lesley Dietschy

Get a Bigger (Realistic Look & Feel) Butt Using Silicone Butt Pads

In my last article, we talked about how to achieve the illusion of a bigger butt using butt enhancing padded panties. I focused primarily on panties that had built in pads. Now I would like to focus on silicone butt pads.

You may be wondering what, if anything – is the difference between padded panties for women and silicone butt pads. Well to begin, most padded undies come with the standard foam pad inserts, or have built in pads that can not be removed. They typically use foam pads as well. Although the construction, texture and feel of foam pad inserts has improved greatly over the years, it is still the most unnatural feeling padding material used.

Similar to the silicone used in breast implants, silicone butt pads are relatively “new” to the body enhancers scene. You will find them primarily as insertables, meaning you can insert them into the pocket of a panty made specifically for booty pads. I recently purchased a set as a birthday gift for my younger set. I ordered from an online store – Love My Bubbles.

The quality of the Love My Bubbles silicone inserts are second to none. They look and feel very real. When she put them on, I was literally shocked and surprised at how realistic to the touch they were. Love My Bubbles offers three types of silicone pads:

1. Feel Real Lightweight: this style has a moderate but noticeable level of thickness with the pad ranging from.75 to 1.25 inches thick.

2. Feel Real Clear Silicone Butt Pads: This is the style of pad that I ordered for my sister, it is also the thicket pad available on the market today. Ranging from 7/8″ to 2 inches thick, the clear style is noted for being extra soft – dare I say “jiggly”. This gives your butt an even more realistic feel. That said, this jiggly-ness does come with the disadvantage of feeling heavier as well. I can attest to all these things based on my personal experience. My sisters butt did look “heavier”, but to be honest with you – this heaviness also made it look more realistic too.

3. Feel Real Traditional: This is obviously the more “traditional” silicone insert. It is relatively thin compared to the previous two and can also feel a bit heavier.

After experiencing the LoveMyBubbles.com silicone pad, I am completely sold on their product line. There really is no fair comparison to them.



Source by Gabriella Ramirez

Plump-Up Your Facial Skin With Dermal Fillers Treatment

You might be wondering how dermal filler works are used to fix facial rhytides or scars. Dermal fillers help in diminishing facial lines and allow in restoring the volume and fullness in face. Dermal fillers are soft synthetic tissue fillers that is injected into the skin to help the skin of the patient fill in facial wrinkles, plump the area to a point where fold lines are visible. This process helps in restoring the smoother appearance of the skin. The effect of this process lasts for approximately six months but it also depends upon the type of skin you have and type of fillers used for the process. This entire treatment procedure is used for beautification of the skin.

Fillers are made up of sugar molecules which are composed of collagen and hyaluronic acid.

Dermal fillers help in fixing a variety of concerns, which includes:

  • Add volume and smoothing to the layers of the face and cleanse out the deep creases that run from the nose to the mouth.
  • Plump in the thin lips and smoothen out the vertical lines around the edges of the lips.
  • Improve cheeks to enhance its shape and restore fullness.
  • Filling out hollow lines underneath the eye area.
  • Increasing the volume of the lower cheek or the temple area of the face.

Dermal fillers can be used on a variety of areas including hollow cheeks, nose to mouth, beneath nose around the lips, forehead, mouth to chin, acne scars, etc. The treatment process takes less than 45 minutes. Numerous different types of fillers are used to smoothen the facial areas. A range of dermal filler products are used to transform face with deep scars and lines to smooth and shiny skin. Injectable wrinkle fillers can give you a more youthful look for a fraction of what a traditional facelift costs. Unlike, botox treatment, injectable fillers help in relaxing the muscle under the wrinkles and fill the crease lines, thereby reducing the trouble spots.

Dermatologists also provide variety of other anti-ageing skin treatments for wrinkle treatments like chemical facial peels, microdermabrasion, etc. If you too are looking for a consultation with one of the best dermatologists, then you should book an appointment and seek the best customized treatment plan according to your requirement. The cost of treatment entirely depends on the type of filler substance you are looking for and the condition of your skin.

Note: Some people might have allergic reaction after the treatment takes place and leads to the formation of tiny bumps. Therefore, it is very important to seek the help of dermatologist and undergo a check wherein the doctor can suggest you whether the dermal fillers treatment is favorable for you or not.



Source by Luke Harper

Does Applying Turmeric To The Face Alleviate Wrinkles?

Turmeric is a spice best loved for its distinct aroma, flavor, and yellow color. Usually, you’ll find it in curry (chicken and pork) dishes, egg dishes, fish soups, and oriental rice dishes. Drizzled over stir-fried vegetables, potatoes, and pastas, turmeric blended with butter makes dishes more exciting to the palate. Turmeric is also used in the preparation of mustard, butter, margarine, cheese, fruit drinks, and pickles.

Turmeric Nutritional Value and Medicinal Uses

Turmeric is probably one of the most nutritious spices with protein, fat, minerals, dietary fiber, carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, iron, carotene, thiamine, niacin, potassium and manganese. With these properties, and the fact that it has curcumin (an ingredient that in itself is already of great therapeutic value) it does not sound surprising if the spice comes with medicinal uses, too.

Among the medicinal uses of turmeric are the following:

  • A carminative, turmeric can relieve gas and bloating, and improve digestion, including digestion of fat, at the same time.
  • A liver tonic, turmeric is also useful in managing liver problems that include hepatitis and cirrhosis.
  • An anti-inflammatory agent, turmeric can delay tumor growths or stop the progression of cancer cells.
  • Heart-friendly, turmeric can prevent arterial blockage by regulating bad cholesterol levels by means of inhibiting or preventing the oxidation of the bad cholesterol.
  • A pain reliever, turmeric can reduce pain in individuals suffering from joint problems, just like osteoarthritis.
  • An antispasmodic, turmeric offers relief for menstrual cramps. Women are suffering from menstrual cramps need to take turmeric extract for two weeks before the expected date of the menstrual period.
  • An antibiotic, turmeric can be used in wound care to prevent the spread of infection.

Turmeric and Skin Care

Another benefit of turmeric is in skin care. The spice is widely used in cosmetics and hair products. Turmeric extracts are found to be especially beneficial in:

  • healing and preventing dry skin
  • treating dandruff
  • treating acne, psoriasis
  • providing relief for chicken pox
  • delaying the development of skin aging symptoms, especially wrinkles

Turmeric and Wrinkles

The idea that turmeric can erase wrinkles sounds really interesting, but it’s consistently on the pages of home remedies for wrinkles, so it must work pretty well. To alleviate wrinkles, mix a pinch of turmeric with two tablespoons of buttermilk to create a paste. Apply it around your eyes or on any other area where wrinkles are evident and let your skin absorb the paste for some twenty minutes, then rinse it off with cold water. Do this regimen two or three times in a week.

Turmeric Precautions and Side Effects

But while many practically swear by the wonders of turmeric, it is not totally free of side effects. Being a natural ingredient does not exempt it from causing adverse reactions, especially when taken in large doses.

If you are using turmeric supplements, watch out for signs of symptoms of excessive bleeding that may include:

  • severe headaches, general numbness, weakness in the extremities, vision and speech problems – these indicate bleeding in the brain
  • bruises that bleed profusely
  • dark-colored stools, presence of blood in the stool, vomiting of blood – these suggest internal bleeding

In animals, the excessive use of turmeric has shown to trigger liver disorders, but although it has not yet been proven to cause the same reaction to human beings, it always pays to be extra careful when taking turmeric supplements.

Applying turmeric on the skin may also cause irritation in some people. If you react negatively to the solution, just stop using it.

And while turmeric is generally well-tolerated, people with diseases of the heart, the gallbladder, and those who are pregnant and lactating, are advised not to use any form of turmeric supplement excessively without doctor’s advice.



Source by Amanda B. Sumner

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms Are a WARNING Sign

Clearly enlisting ovarian cyst symptoms is a difficult proposition. The main reason behind this difficulty is that ovarian cysts can display very few to no symptoms. Ovarian cysts are often discovered accidentally during a Routine Physical Exam or can be chanced upon during ultrasound, which might be performed for various reasons. Let’s take a closer look at some of these symptoms:

Prominent symptoms

Some of the most prominent ovarian cyst symptoms include sudden or recurring pain in the lower pelvis or abdominal region of varying severity, irregularity in periods, a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen, persistent pain around the pelvic girdle during periods which might be experienced in the lower back region too, pelvic pain felt after sexual intercourse or strenuous exercise, difficulty or abnormal pain experienced with bowel movements or during urination, a feeling of nausea and vomiting, vaginal blood spots or pain in the vagina, tenderness and pain in the breasts and abnormal weight gain.

The above mentioned ovarian cyst syndromes are generic in nature. These symptoms might also result from endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease or ectopic pregnancy. This necessitates a proper treatment and an accurate diagnosis.

Serious cases

Advanced cases of ovarian cysts can pose a greater threat to health with symptoms like light-headedness or dizziness, fatigue, harsh abdominal pain, fever, rapid breathing and/or shortness of breath and so on. Should any of these problems be encountered, it is advisable to consult the doctor without delay. Over the last few decades, medical sciences have advanced tremendously, and be assured that there are excellent treatment options and medication available to cure even the most severe cases of ovarian cysts.

Today, there is no dearth of treatments for ovarian cysts. Countless women around the globe still rely on home-based self-care measures and are getting excellent results. These measures include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Motrin (ibuprofen), Tylenol (acetaminophen), or other medicines that are used to combat narcotic pain. Putting a check on strenuous activities also help in the reduction of possible torsion or a rupture of the cysts. The cysts are often monitored by using modern endovaginal ultrasound or ultrasonic techniques. However, few such measures can really beat the effectiveness of adopting a holistic approach towards treating ovarian cysts.

Complications

An ovarian cyst that has grown large can bring about a great degree of abdominal discomfort. A large cyst often tends to press against the bladder causing you to urinate more frequently (due to the reduced capacity of the bladder). There can be cases involving less common kinds of cysts that show virtually no symptoms in women. Your doctor usually discovers them by chance during a regular pelvic examination. Beware of large masses of ovarian cysts that tend to develop after a woman reaches menopause. They could turn out to be cancerous. These factors stress the importance of getting a pelvic examination on a regular basis.

A word of caution

Symptoms alone cannot ascertain the presence of ovarian cysts in women. In some cases, symptoms may be completely absent. There is also a possibility of ovarian cysts showing symptoms that are usually associated with other diseases, such as pelvic disease of inflammation, endometriosis, ovarian cancer, or ectopic pregnancy. Ruptured ovarian cysts can produce symptoms that are akin to those produced by diverticulitis and appendicitis. It is always advisable to look into and medically investigate any symptom without delay. If the symptoms mentioned in the first two paragraphs are present, there is a very high chance of presence of ovarian cysts. Consult your doctor immediately without delay if you experience pain followed by vomiting or fever, and any severe or sudden pain in the abdomen or pelvic region.

Holistic approach

Holistic approach is the new buzzword in the medical world today and it is fast gaining popularity everywhere. Adopting this approach is beneficial in cases involving ovarian cysts too. As a ‘Health Concept’, holism has a very long history. It is only recently that there has been a conscious effort to merge this alternative mode of treatment into the medical mainstream. Holistic approach not only cures ovarian cysts completely, but also provides a deep sense of peace, both at the physical level as well as the mental level. Holistic approach is not so much a way of treatment as it is an approach towards the explanation of application of treatment. Adopting a holistic approach in the early state of ovarian cysts can really work miracles.

The essence of holistic approach lies in the belief of ‘A Healthy Mind in a Healthy body’. The approach is potentially very powerful and it not only prevents ovarian cysts in the first place, but also cures them. One of the primary features of the approach is its focus on diet. A wholesome balanced diet is the key to a healthy body as well as a strong resistance to the onslaught of various diseases. The balanced diet advocated by holistic approach includes plenty of leafy and green vegetables, fruits, proteins and minerals. Substances rich in fat and excessive intake of carbohydrates are best avoided. Proper cleanliness of the body and its surrounding are to be strictly maintained. With these simple measures, you can bid farewell to all ovarian cyst symptoms forever.



Source by Mary Parker

Man Boobs – Dealing With Large Breasts in Men

If you haven’t heard of it, there is a condition called gynecomastia, a disorder when men’s breasts grow bigger than usual. The over-developed breasts resemble those of women’s. Sometimes this condition runs in families where fathers, sons and uncles have abnormally large breasts. Hormonal imbalance is another cause of gynecomastia. Man boobs or gynecomastia can also be drug induced or a side effect of prescription drugs for a certain illness or medical condition. Dealing with large breasts is a dilemma that affects approximately 30% of male population.

Having this condition can be very devastating for men. The embarrassment and humiliation makes their lives miserable. Men often hide this disorder and they avoid talking about their abnormally big breasts to anyone. Dealing with large breasts in men can be very physically, mentally and emotionally depressing. They feel less masculine and deprived of the things men usually do like going to the beach shirtless. Men with gynecomastia are sometimes mistaken as gay or homosexual, ridiculed and laughed at.

Men with gynecomastia have to give up sports or physical activities that will require them to take off their shirts. Getting intimate or keeping a sexual relationship is difficult because it’s either they are consumed by their insecurities and embarrassment or women are having a hard time accepting or getting used to a partner with gynecomastia. Dealing with large breasts in men affects not only their relationships but also their lives as a whole.

You may find this strange but in dealing with large breasts, there are men or boys who wear a bra to hide gynecomastia. There are not gays, they are straight men but they have to wear a bra as a support for their big breasts and at the same time to hide them. Men with gynecomastia can have breasts as big as 36C, 38D, 42D etc. and they need bra support to avoid breast pain. Some men wear compression shirts or vest to hide them. Dealing with large breasts is really physically and psychologically distressing to men. Their masculinity is deeply hurt with the fact that they need to wear garments that only women usually wear. Some men come to terms with it because they have a loving girlfriend or wife who supports them but a significant numbers of men with gynecomastia cannot keep a romantic relationship.

In dealing with large breasts, some men decided to go under the knife. Those who can afford to spend thousands of dollars and physically or medically qualified for gynecomastia reduction surgery or reduction mammaplasty decided to put an end to their sufferings through surgery. It is a personal decision to put themselves under the knife and of course they have to live with the results of the surgery. There are successful operations and patients are happy with the results and were able to reclaim their lives. Some patients are not satisfied and need touch up procedures. There are men who are complaining about terrible scarring and uneven repositioning of nipples that even after the corrective surgery, they are not happy and cannot go out shirtless.

Surgery is the common treatment for gynecomastia but not all men can afford it and there are men who do not want to put themselves under the knife. Fortunately, there are natural remedies for enlarged breasts in men.



Source by Gerry Restrivera

Sticking to Your Diet – What Is Your Light Bulb Moment?

Every year millions of people around the world start diets and the majority of them give up within a few days or weeks, leading to feelings of failure and disappointment.

It is easy to start but it takes some mental effort to keep going, but it is easier to stick to your diet if you have had a light bulb moment.

Most people start a diet to lose weight to look better and to feel better about themselves. Unfortunately this only works long term for the most dedicated or the severely vain.

Failures tend to erode our self-confidence making each successive attempt less and less likely to be successful.

The light bulb moment is when you discover a reason for maintaining your diet that is so important that you can overcome all of your past failures and all your subconscious resistance, and simply just turn your diet into a lifestyle.

8 Such reasons as:

  1. A serious health diagnosis.
  2. Feeling left out of some activity because of weight or fitness.
  3. Requirements for a great job.
  4. Revenge
  5. Special occasions.
  6. For a special holiday.
  7. Energy for children or grandchildren.
  8. Fear of aging.
  9. The need for wellness to care for others.

Of course there is one other very important consideration, it is that you have chosen a diet which makes sense, is sustainable and promotes health and not just weight loss. One celebrity lost weight by eating only potatoes for a year but the health consequences would be considerable.

The question is what is your light bulb moment where you realise that if you don’t take action you will lose out, or suffer, or pay a big price. And a simple way to make it stronger is to stack up two or more of these reasons.

Each extra reason will boost your commitment and by the time you get four or more you will have the power to push through any physical or emotional resistance.

The only problem is if we ignore these light bulb moments. Unfortunately this happens all the time, after all by the time a person becomes overweight or unfit they have ignored many such signals.

It is said that for many people the first sign of a heart attack is the heart attack itself. But I would challenge this. By the time of the heart attack there will have been many warning light bulbs, don’t let this happen to you.



Source by Ian Newton

Womb Fibroids – Natural Treatments To Reduce A Uterine Fibroid

Although womb fibroids are rarely dangerous, the symptoms they can cause can be debilitating and painful. If your uterine fibroids are symptom free, then you do not need to treat them as it is likely that they will shrink around the time of the menopause.

Many women prefer not to undergo surgery for a number of reasons, including the fact that this is rarely a permanent solution and in actual fact, womb fibroids natural treatments can permanently eliminate the root causes, meaning that shrinkage happens and the fibroids do not grow back.

One option to reduce a uterine fibroid in the womb is to take B vitamin supplements. Taking supplements that are rich in B vitamins can help insure better absorption of foods that can regulate the body’s hormone production. Hormone balancing foods include deep sea fish, dried beans, asparagus, cauliflower, rice, leafy greens and a whole lot more. Together with those B vitamin supplements, such hormone balancing foods will help reduce the likelihood of hormonal imbalance. That means the formation of those fibroids in your uterus may not occur in the first place or that existing symptoms can be reduced.

Aside from taking in health supplements and increasing the consumption of hormone balancing foods, you should also drink plenty of water. Dehydration alone can cause certain types of health complications in the body. If your body is not hydrated well, the toxins in it will accumulate and affect most of your organs and bodily functions. If this happens, womb fibroids can be the result in women who have other contributory factors.

Don’t forget about stress because this is another culprit that can cause hormonal imbalance, specifically an estrogen-progesterone imbalance. There are great and effective stress reduction techniques out there that you can make use of. Try meditation and visualization techniques. How about yoga? If you aren’t afraid of needles, perhaps you can try acupuncture. Go for a spa massage from time to time. An aromatherapy is a fine stress reliever as well. If you are short in funds, a hot bath can help remove stress off your system and in self is a good womb fibroids natural treatment as it can relieve pain and congestion.

You could also consider trying herbal remedies to reduce a uterine fibroid. Milk thistle, chasteberry and yellow dock root are able to aid in regulating the female reproductive system and in decreasing estrogen levels. They also have antioxidant properties that are very beneficial. Indeed, they are certainly worth trying as part of an overall strategy to help treat womb fibroids naturally.



Source by Carrie Holmes

How To Make Your Breasts Bigger Wearing A Bikini

It may not be close to summertime yet, but already you are wondering how to make your breasts bigger wearing a bikini. It’s not that smaller breasts were an issue before, but you know that they do make a lot of difference when you have to wear something skimpy, and that is definitely what you have in mind – to wear something revealing and sexy. Isn’t it the whole point of going to the beach – to flaunt your pride and glory? Only that you cannot exactly call them that when they barely pop out of your bra! You know there just have to be a way to develop cleavage and you are desperate for pieces of information teaching you how to make your breasts bigger in a bikini.

Well, if you still have a few months to use up, there’s a lot you can do in order to have bigger and more beautiful breasts, that is of course if you are not open to the idea of going for breast augmentation. Breast augmentation is a form of cosmetic surgery whereby a substance is implanted under the breast itself or under the chest muscles. Breast augmentation requires an investment and may cause some discomfort initially, and to think that it is by and large a surgical procedure, your body may need some time to heal. But the results are immediate, and this is really one of the procedure’s strongest come-ons. Then again, why go through such extent when there are natural ways you can get bigger breasts or at the very least create an illusion that you have bigger breasts behind the bikini?

Indeed, if you still have enough time, working out will make your breasts fuller and bigger. Choose exercises that specifically target the chest muscles. The breasts are not muscles, but working out the surrounding area can firm up the breasts anyhow. An ideal chest exercise in this case is to clasp your hands together and lift them up as high as possible, applying as much pressure as you possibly can. This exercise, when done consistently, and with the use of a breast enhancing cream, can give you fuller breasts after a few months.

While waiting for your breasts to grow, you can make your breasts look bigger and fuller by improving your posture and dressing up wisely. Always stand erect, your chin up, your breast out, and your shoulders pulled back. Go for bikini tops that are at least one to one and a half cup size smaller than what you normally wear, are padded in the right place, and triangular in shape. This ought to create cleavage, making your breasts look bigger. When shopping for bikini tops, choose those that come in bold or dark colors with lines across the chest. Avoid bandeaus as much as possible as they tend to press the breasts, making them even smaller. Simply accessorizing your look can also make your breasts appear bigger. Wear a necklace with a pendant dangling on the area between your breasts. This will draw attention to your breast. You can also do a bit of makeup tricks on the breast area to make your breasts look more developed. By using your own set of makeup, you can actually define your cleavage, so that your breasts look like they are about to pop out.

Why, indeed, would you go for the riskier breast augmentation procedures when you already know how to make your breasts bigger wearing a bikini?



Source by Xiella Andrews

Urine Analysis and Laboratory Tests

The data of Urine analysis usually taken are divided into two; qualitative and quantitative data of Urine laboratory tests. As their names imply, qualitative tests is to test for the qualities of the Urine such as colour, transparency, etc, while quantitative test, try to find the amounts of some indexes in the Urine such as volume, specific gravity, amount of pathologic components of Urine (blood, proteins, creatinine, etc).

Qualitative data of Urine laboratory tests

Colour of Urine

• In the first day of child’s Life, Urine is colorless

• On the 2nd-4th days- dark-reddish, because big quantity of Urea is excreted.

• In breast fed infants the urine is almost colorless until they start to drink fruit juices and to eat other foods at the age of 4-6 months

• In formula fed infants, all children and grown-ups, the urine is yellow like straw.

Changes of Urine color can be physiological. For example;

• Colorless urine is excreted when a person drinks a lot of fluids

• Urine acquires Orange color when the food contains a lot of carotene (carrot);

• Urine will be pink after eating red-beet;

• Some medicines influence the Urine colour. SO, rifampicin causes the red color of Urine, analginum and sulfacylamides-pink, mitroxolinum-saffron-yellow.

Some Urine discoloration is of diagnostic value in case of Kidney disorders:

• Dark-brown Urine is a pathognomic symptom of virus hepatitis; the cause of such color is big amount of bile pigments hyperbilirubinuria); characteristic sign is forming of yellowish foam after shaking such Urine.

• Smoky brown Urine, which resembles tea or cola, is formed in case of nephron damage, when RBCs pass through the basal membrane of glomerular capsule and losses the hemoglobin. It is the main sign of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

• Bright red color can be found when “fresh” RBCs pass into urine in case of trauma, kidney tuberculosis, crystals, cystitis, urethritis, renal tumor.

• Dark-violet discoloration is the sign of considerable RBCs hemolysis in case of poisoning, Rh-conflict, mistakes during blood transfusion etc.

Transparence

The Urine can be cloudy only in newborn child for 2-3 days after birth. After that each healthy person excrete transparent Urine. Cloudy hazy, darkly opalescent Urine can be found in case of Urinary tract infection, enlarged amount of crystals, RBCs or WBCs, pus or fats in Urine.

Quantitative data of Urine Laboratory tests

Diuresis means the process of Urine production. The Urine-volume (UV per 24 hours) is its laboratory reflection. Its meanings depend on age.

Pathological changes of Urine volume

• Poliuria is diagnosed when the urine volume exceeds the normal ranges in 2 times and more. It is the often sign of disorders with other systems decreasing of cardiac edema, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipiduc). Renal poliutia develops in case of back progress of nephritic edema, chronic renal failure.

• Oliguria means the decreasing of daily urine volume to of age ranges and less. Renal Oliguria is one of the most significant manifestations of renal failure. There also can be extra-renal causes of Oliguria such as massive profuse bleeding, diarrhea, poisoning, cardiax failure, shock. It is very important to identify the reason of Oliguria because the therapeutic plans can be quite different when the Urine volume decrease less than 5% of normal data or there is no Urine per whole day. It is one of the most dangerous conditions for the child’s life and needs the emergency medical help.

• Anuria can be

1. renal-the kidneys don’t form the urine due to considerable damage of their tissues.

2. postrenal (mechanical)-the Urine is produced, but it doesn’t go into the bladder because of upper tract or bladder neck obstruction.

• Nocturia, the normal correlation of daytime and nighttime Urine Volume is 2:1. That means that because of bigger fluid intake and physical activity, Urine excretion is more intensive during daytime. If the night Urine volume is bigger, it is the manifestation of decreased renal function.

Ph of Urine

This sign depends on age, food habits, prescribed medicines and differs in different people as well as in one person in different periods.

Specific gravity

It is the concentration of electrolytes and other substances dissolve in Urine. Decreasing of specific gravity can be seen in case of drinking a lot of fluids, severe renal failure, back progress of edema, diabetes insipidus. Increasing is observed at Oliguria, diabetes mellitus, excretion of marked amount of protein. Excretion of 0.1g of glucose per 11 of Urine causes enlargement of specific gravity on 0.004; 0.4 of protein-on 0.001.

Indexes of Urine analysis which are deviations of the normal ones are indications for metabolic disorders



Source by Funom Makama